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how do bacteria grow? bacterial growth curve

How do Bacteria grow?

Bacteria do not grow and multiply the same way as animals or humans. They take in nutrients and reproduce by dividing – one bacteria splits and becomes two bacteria, two become four, four become eight and so on. Doubling can occur quickly if the conditions – enough nutrients, proper temperature, adequate moisture, etc. - are suitable. Each type of bacteria has its own preferred conditions for growth. Under ideal conditions, many types of bacteria can double every 20 minutes. Potentially, one bacteria can multiply to more than 30,000 in five hours and to more than 16 million in eight hours. Controlling the conditions needed for growth is an effective way to control many bacterial food safety hazards.

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